There are 40 different ethnical groups, all with their own language, culture and life-style. The Baganda are the most common and important Bantu-people in Uganda. It is the largest people group as it makes up 18% of the population. Their land forms the political and economic center of Uganda. 90% Of the Uganda population lives out in the country. In 1996 the average
In 1996, the average life expectancy in Uganda was lowest in the world: 37 years. The cause of this was AIDS, which has claimed an enormous number of lives. Fortunately the extensive anti-aids-campaign has been fruitful. The average life expectancy has since increased to 44 years.
Approximately 66% of the population is Christian. 16% is Muslim, besides which there are several local African religions.
Uganda is a very fertile country which enormous banana, cotton, coffee, tea and tobacco plantations. Many small agricultural businesses harvest bananas, sorghum, corn, millet, sugarcane, cassava and coffee twice to three times a year.
The women grow several types of vegetable and fruit and many men work on the large plantations. Others earn their money in the mines or in the beer -, soft drink -, cigarette - or cotton factories. Especially coffee, cotton, tea and tobacco are exported.